What is an OBGYN Hospitalist?
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The only difference between ob.gyn. hospitalists and general ob.gyns. is work location, right? We all undergo the same residency training, pass the same boards to become board certified, and you have to be a general ob.gyn. to become a hospitalist after all. So, in one sense, there are no differences.
In addition to clinical skills, however, hospitalists do differ. As I outlined in my column “Ob.Gyn. Hospitalist Character Traits,” a hospitalist must be a seasoned professional and a team player, be willing to serve, inspire trust, be a good communicator, and be trained and incentivized to implement system-wide improvements.
Along with character traits, it is generally acknowledged that ob.gyn. hospitalists possess a specific set of core competencies. I began trying to formally define these during my first American College [now American Congress] of Obstetricians and Gynecologists annual clinical meeting (ACM) clinical seminar in 2010.
Dr. Bob Fagnant expanded on the initial ideas in a presentation at the second Ob.Gyn. Hospitalists’ special interest group meeting at the 2011 ACOG ACM in Washington, D.C. His presentation was well received, drew much interest from a large audience, and has initiated discussion that continues. The Society of Ob.Gyn. Hospitalists (SOGH) also has dedicated itself to defining the core competencies, but as this is such a new model of ob.gyn. practice, there is much yet to be debated, and discussion should be expected and encouraged.
As stated above, the ideal hospitalist should be a seasoned professional. ObGynHospitalist.com employment surveys from the past 2 years showed that only 7% of ob.gyn. hospitalists started hospitalist work within 5 years of completing their residency. I think all of us agree that it is very difficult for a new residency graduate to acquire the skills and experience to step in and perform as a hospitalist. Not to say that it’s impossible, just very difficult in light of most residency volumes combined with residency hour restrictions.
One idea that I have heard several academic centers beginning to discuss is that of a fellowship for ob.gyn. hospitalists. Advanced training in a fellowship could provide more experience for new graduates, but it would be especially helpful for experienced, board-certified ob.gyn. hospitalists to hone not only their clinical skills, but also learn the administrative, simulation teaching, team leadership, and information management skills to take existing hospitalist programs from good to great and to start new programs at the highest skill level.
This idea is in its infancy and faces obstacles. Most experienced ob.gyns. may be unwilling to leave their current private practice positions and return to the lifestyle, hours, and, especially, the payoff of a fellow. However, there may be creative solutions similar to executive MBA programs, such as online learning, reviewing curricula designed by the academic center, and periodically traveling to the center for weekends or more prolonged times for the hands-on clinical training and experience portion over a year or two. Introduction of a new additional program needs to be handled carefully because such a program for hospitalists cannot reduce or take away from the clinical training experience of current residents and maternal-fetal medicine fellows.
Like the development of the core competencies necessary for ob.gyn. hospitalists, it will be fascinating to watch the development of academic programs for ob.gyn. hospitalist fellows. It will be exciting to see the first graduates and even more exciting to see the first board-certified ob.gyn. hospitalist in a new subspecialty. Will an old hospitalist like me get grandfathered in if I can pass the new (yet to be determined) American Board of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ board certification for ob.gyn. hospitalists?
We are lucky to have the SOGH in a position to hear discussion and debate and to advocate for commonly agreed-upon positions. There are so many questions to answer to define the difference between general ob.gyns. and hospitalist ob.gyns., but we are on the cusp of not an evolution in care for women in the hospital, but a revolution. The future is unknown, but the direction from the known is extremely positive. Not only is patient care becoming safer, but the system is becoming safer and more cost efficient while at the same time improving the lifestyle of the general ob.gyn. practitioner. This last sentence will be backed up by data and experience in the near future, I predict.
Originally posted JANUARY 18, 2013 on ehospitalistnews.com
One of the reasons I started up my website, ObGynHospitalist.com, was to connect with other ob.gyn. hospitalists that I knew were out there. I wanted to know if they were experiencing the same challenges I was, what their program model looked like, if they were part time or full time, and what their pay and benefits were.
As the website membership grew, it was a logical step to ask members these questions directly.
The first Salary and Employment Survey was sent out in 2011 and had 106 respondents. This year, our third survey had 313 respondents and allowed us to clearly see consistent trends, particularly in ob.gyn. hospitalists’ experience levels, the types of shifts we work, and overall pay and benefits for both part time and full timers.
So, what does a typical ob.gyn. hospitalist look like? Our survey tells us that they are mostly male, between 40 and 59 years old, and are at least 6 years post residency.
Most ob.gyn. hospitalists work in hospitals that average more than 1,000 births per year, with most (45%) working in hospitals with 2,001-3,000 deliveries per year and 19% who work in hospitals with more than 4,000 births per year.
Most describe their primary practice activity as obstetrics with emergency department coverage including emergency gynecologic surgery and inpatient gynecologic consultations. They work full time and have had no change in their employment status over the last 12 months.
The most common full-time work schedule is exclusively 24-hour shifts. Those full-time hospitalists who don’t work 24-hour shifts mostly work 12-hour shifts and are happy with this arrangement.
Ob.gyn. hospitalists are “very satisfied” with their career, variety of work, management, recognition, and professional relationships.
Most work with other ob.gyns. and maternal-fetal medicine physicians only rather than with family practitioners or midwives. Half work as perinatology extenders doing some or most of their deliveries and half use perinatologists only as a consultant, like a private practitioner would.
The majority have ob.gyn. physicians sign out to them, and a third supervise midwives.
Most full-time and part-time hospitalists are hospital employees and are almost evenly split between receiving an hourly gross wage and a salary.
The most common full-time hourly rate (41% in 2012 and 34% in 2013) is $101-$110/hour; 4.5% earn more than $140/hour. Most part-time hospitalists earn less per hour than do full-time hospitalists, with an hourly rate of $91-$100/hour.
The most common full-time salary range (31%) is between $224,000 and $249,000; 4.7% earned between $325,000 and $349,999. The most common part-time salary range is less than $150,000. About 40% of full-time salaried physicians receive incentive compensation based on quality, not production.
A third of respondents stated that they need more physicians in their hospitalist program and that they do not have an adequate emergency backup call system in place. This is an important area for safety, and all programs should address the solution of emergency backup for the hospitalist.
It’s exciting to have this information, not only to know what experience our fellow ob.gyn. hospitalists around the country have, but also it’s interesting to know how other programs are structured, what responsibilities are commonplace, and how our salary and benefits compare with our general ob.gyn. colleagues. The 2013 report can be viewed at ObGynHospitalist.com/news, where you can also find previous survey reports, too.